Exploring the Psychological Mechanisms That Drive Procrastination
The term “procrastination” generally refers to any situation in which a person — often subconsciously — shirks responsibilities by rationalizing them away or by engaging in time-consuming distractions. The procrastinator may employ any number of distractions in this pursuit such as excessive smartphone use, alcohol or drug binges, or prolonged sleep. One defining trait of procrastination — and also its cruelest irony — is that the individual is often fully aware that he is harming his future well-being by avoiding present responsibilities. Yet he persists in avoidance behavior anyway.
Chronic procrastination is a serious burden for many people, draining hours from their lives that could be better spent and dragging down productivity. Ultimately, long-term quality of life inevitably suffers after years of procrastination – there simply isn’t enough time to waste huge quantities of it if we hope to achieve our goals.
In this article, we’ll investigate what the research indicates actually triggers procrastination behaviors that hinder many from reaching their full potential.
What Does the Science Say About What Actually Causes Procrastination?
Many observers, laypeople, and medical experts alike characterize procrastination as a direct product of fear, poor self-discipline, or lack of motivation. While apprehension or poor motivation might exacerbate the detrimental effects of procrastination, these are the root causes.
Google searches for “procrastination” turn up endless listicle-style articles titled variations of “X Ways to Stop Procrastination.” While they may generate traffic for web publishers, most of these articles are essentially useless. The majority are predicated on a fundamental misunderstanding of what modern research tells us about why people procrastinate.
As anyone who has experienced the psychological processes of procrastination can attest, no amount of motivation or calendar chiseling can grant the boost needed to overcome severe procrastination. An individual may have all the motivation he needs to complete his task, yet still, remain paralyzed by inaction.
Emerging evidence suggests that the medical community has poorly defined the root causes of procrastination. As with most cognitive/behavioral issues, the reality of procrastination’s origins is more primal than commonly believed.
The Risk-to-Reward Balancing Act
An important evolutionary survival mechanism called risk aversion speaks to why we procrastinate and explains our tendency to make constant risk-to-reward calculations as we move through the day.
As an example, you could place a foot-wide, 10-meter-long wooden plank on the ground and likely traverse it easily on foot. However, if you were to move that same plank to extend between two skyscrapers suspended hundreds of feet in the air, your brain would immediately perceive the heightened danger of walking over it relative to the grounded plank.
This risk-to-reward calculation of the plank example represents the fundamental psychological dynamics at play in procrastination.
The Visualization Process of Procrastination
Let’s take a step-by-step review of what is actually occurring in a procrastinating individual’s mind.
The process begins when the person visualizes himself performing the task in question. In this example, we’ll consider a university student who has a bulky exam to prepare for the following morning.
Once our university student initially contemplates studying, his imaginative brain is already diving into the potential emotional outcomes of the activity.
He may feel any combination of negative emotions associated with studying for his future exam: boredom, anxiety, or inadequacy. Although the student may cognitively process the fact that he must study to earn a good grade, these negative emotions serve as deterrents.
In this example, the student will likely continue his avoidance behavior (playing video games, chatting on Facebook, etc.) until the perceived emotional cost of not studying outweighs the perceived emotional cost of beginning to study.
In this way, we see that negative emotions act as the primary catalysts of both action and inaction.
"Good Is the Enemy of Great"
Taken to its logical conclusion, allowing our behavior to be dictated by negative emotions is unlikely to get us where we want to go. When avoiding uncomfortable emotions is the primary motivation, whether consciously or subconsciously, we will only do the minimum that is required to avoid negative repercussions.
Until we make serious moves to alter these patterns of cognition and behavior, we may become “good” at what we do but we will never become “great.”
Modern Technology Enables Procrastination
When faced with the negative emotions that cause us to procrastinate, the brain resorts to one of two coping strategies: rationalization or distraction.
We rationalize (often using faulty logic) when we invent reasons that purportedly justify why we cannot perform the task in question. A common example of rationalization is “I can’t do the cardio I know I should do today because I’m too busy” or “I’ll just run twice as far tomorrow.”
Distraction, on the other hand, is a tool that simply redirects our attention away from the dilemma.
New research published in the medical journal Anxiety Stress & Coping tracked daily diaries kept by participants in which they reported the emotions they experienced as well as their levels of procrastination.
Participants were asked to make theoretical decisions about everyday activities. For example, they answered real and hypothetical questions about how much of an unpleasant culinary concoction their present selves, future selves, or another person, respectively, would consume for the sake of science.
The results showed that participants doled out larger quantities to their future selves and others, whereas they gave their present selves a lower quantity.
According to the study’s authors, the central finding of the study was that “when making real decisions, people treat future selves like others” whereas they set different, more appealing standards for their present selves.
These results partially explain the cognitive dissonance that occurs when we swap performing important work in the present for completing it in a vaguely-conceptualized “future” that is forever and conveniently on the horizon.
Developing New Strategies to Overcome Procrastination
For all the reasons that we explored here, Norditropin pens are the time-tested, research-backed best choice for patients looking to safely elevate their levels of circulating HGH to optimal levels.
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If you are still procrastinating about anti-aging therapies and protocols that include growth hormone, bio-identical hormone replacement, and other helpful evidenced-based protocols shown to improve wellness and epigenetically improve aging, we suggest you learn how we use science to work for you.
The HGH Market nonetheless is a significant market in the United States and around the world. Important points about the HGH Market and why HGH is so expensive:
Total HGH market is estimated between 3-4 billion annually.
The HGH market in the USA is approximately 50% of that ($1.5B-$3B annually).
50% of all sales are for children with growth hormone disorders.
50% of all sales goes to adults – far above and beyond the “so-called” adult human growth hormone deficiency estimates. Hence, the majority of adults taking HGH are actually doing so to achieve the results outlined in many research studies like the famous Rudman HGH study.
Demand for HGH, even without insurance coverage for most creates $1B-$2B annual HGH business where the target market is adults in the US and around the world.
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HGH Price - too expensive in USA!
Typically a growth hormone therapy program will cost patients seeking treatment in the Sacramento area $1,300 to over $2,000 per month. Premium HGH like the pre-filled Norditropin HGH Pen may even be more expensive.
For premium brand HGH like Norditropin by Novo Nordisk, a typical adult patient will be looking at nearly $2000 monthly in the Sacramento metro area. See the recent US price level for HGH directly below.
If you’re considering traveling abroad for medical treatment, then Costa Rica should be on your radar. Costa Rica has long been known for its beautiful beaches, lush rainforests, and diverse wildlife, but in recent years, it has also become a leading destination for medical tourism. Costa Rica Medical Tourism has been growing rapidly, thanks to its excellent healthcare system, top-notch medical facilities, and highly skilled doctors.
A typical month's supply will cost $450. The same HGH from the same manufacturer in the USA will cost 3 times more.The leading brand of human growth hormone now in Mexico and the United States is Norditropin.Norditropin is the only leading pharmaceutical brand of growth hormone that comes premixed.It can go 14-21 days without refrigeration due to the proprietary preservation technology of Novo Nordisk.
Why is HGH so expensive in the USA?
HGH is three times or more in the United States than in many other countries. The main reasons for this are 1) pharmaceutical middlemen called "Pharmacy Benefit Managers" (PBMs) and the list-pricing strategies set by big-pharma companies.Please see for more information on Pharmacy Benefit Managers work in the USA on our "why is HGH so expensive in the USA?" You can ask Google, Siri, or Alexa and our page will be at the top of the list.
How do I know the medication is not counterfeit?
We only prescribe name-brand "FDA Approved" pharmaceutical HGH from major manufacturers like Novo Nordisk, Pfizer, and Merck.In the modern era with Google search and social media, these black market online internet pharmacies are rapidly exposed.We use real doctors and we promote our doctors. You get to know them and they get to know you. They are professionals and they want you to be healthy so that you tell others about our services.Unfortunately, the United States health care system is broken. It's too expensive for insurance to cover HGH treatments, so they've made it extremely difficult for patients to qualify. Metabolic health related to hormone decline with aging is not yet supported by the U.S. health care system.Insurance companies developed more on serving acute injuries, such as serving the needs of patients suffering from acute injury either by accident or a chronic condition. Insurance companies are less enthusiastic about metabolic wellness related to hormone decline, insulin resistance, and obesity. This leads to accelerated age-related chronic diseases like heart attacks, cancers, diabetes, and strokes. To a large degree, it is the primary reason health care expenditures amount to over 17% of the US GDP.We operate very openly on the internet and through promotional material like print media. We've advertised in Airline Flight Magazines, major Newspapers and on Television. We've been caring and treating medical tourists since 2013 from all over the United States and Canada.We only prescribe the same FDA approved pharmaceutical HGH brands that you find in the United States. The only difference is the USA must pay 2 or 3 times the price. Why? Because of big pharma's global pricing models and the problematic insurance model which exists in the United States. Both Republicans and Democrats have demonized big pharma for its inflated pricing, but nothing ever seems to get resolved. Recently, some states have begun to take action. Utah recently passed "Right to Shop" legislation which allows its public employees to buy legally lower-cost prescription medications in Tijuana Mexico. Click the link. It is widely reported in some of the press. Other states are looking at similar legislation: . Mexico has very good control of their legal prescription drug programs. We work closely with only the leading pharmaceutical companies. The process has a complete and safe chain of custody when it comes to name-brand prescription pharmaceuticals.
Travel & Storage of Norditropin Pens
According to the Norditropin website, all Norditropin products must be refrigerated (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use.
Do not freeze and avoid direct light.
After the first injection, the pens can either be stored outside of the refrigerator (up to 77°F) for use for 21 days.
If stored in the refrigerator after first use the Norditropen HGH pen will last for 4 weeks. The temperature range should be between 36°F and 46°F.
Never place your pens in a freezer.
Is it illegal to use HGH?
No, it is not illegal to use human growth hormone with your doctor's prescription.HGH is an approved medication for certain medical conditions such as an HGH deficiency. It must be prescribed by your doctor.Border patrol, as well as the FDA, require international travelers to carry their doctor's prescription and keep the medication in its original packaging.
How long does it take for HGH to start working?
HGH begins working almost immediately. Most long-term improvements are seen within 3-6 months.Men given HGH from ages 61-81 were given HGH over a 6 month period. At the end of the six months, they had approximately 15% body fat loss, an 8.8% increase in lean muscle mass, and an increase in bone mineral density.
What's a typical adult dose of HGH therapy?
Most adults on our program range between 1-2 IU between 3-5 days per week.Common protocols call for one daily injection each evening 5-days per week. However, some research shows similar benefits may be achieved from a less frequent dosing schedule of only 3 days per week.Most adults on HGH replacement therapy will settle in between 1 and 2 IUs for each injection.HGH is further enhanced by following an intermittent fasting protocol.And for those who may be overweight and have some degree of insulin resistance, metformin may be prescribed. Berberine is also a good over-the-counter substitute.Most individuals on a 3-day injection dose will see a slower degree of fat loss. But when combined with intermittent fasting, metformin, and/or berberine, results on fat loss will accelerate in most individuals.
What does HGH Cost in Costa Rica?
A one month supply of prescription HGH in Costa Rica will cost approximately $550 USD per month for Norditropin Growth Hormone.
What is the price of HGH in the United States?
HGH in the United States generally is three times the amount in Mexico, Costa Rica and Panama.Typical price for one month's supply of HGH at a U.S. pharmacy is approximately $1,250 USD.Only name-brand (non-generic) versions of growth hormone are legal. Name-brand prescription medications are generally always 3 times more than in other countries because of the retail price set by large pharmaceutical companies and middle men known as Pharmacy Benefit Managers (PBMs). See our video at the top of this page.
Is it legal to travel with growth hormone?
Yes. As long as you have a prescription. If you are traveling internationally you will want a letter from the doctor. We have all of the legal paperwork from the major manufacturers so if TSA or US Border Patrol is concerned, you can show them the information.Keep in mind, according to the Center for Disease Control, most adults over 40 years of age are on 2 or more prescription medications. International travel would cease to function if you were not afforded the basic human right of crossing borders with your prescribed medications.Always carry your prescription and your letter from the doctor to avoid confusing border professionals and TSA.
Is HGH a real anti-aging drug?
No. HGH is not an anti-aging medication. What HGH does is it supports the growth pathways in support of normal energy metabolism.Growth hormone works closely with the regenerative growth cycle of your body. However, it is now much more understood that this energy state is not ideal 100% of the time.In order for patients to see the best benefits related to anti-aging at the cellular level, they need to understand what the research on longevity and aging shows.The body operates best with it goes through natural anabolism and catabolic states (i.e., feast and famine). This reproduces a growth, cleanse phase at the cellular level.HGH used in combination with metformin, and DHEA, did show an age reversal in epigenetic markers. The research was published in 2019. It is linked to on this web page.However, we think this study can be improved upon by mimicking some of the new research by Dr. Sinclair of Harvard and Dr. Valter Longo of USC. They both promote the benefits of triggering mechanisms that influence AMPK and mTOR. To key elements of the longevity pathways. They do this with time restricted feeding and in some instances metformin.
Will HGH give me Cancer?
Currently nearly 590,000 Americans die each year from some form of cancer. What doesn't give you cancer?Probably one of the most associated element we would guess is related to cancer is poor energy metabolism.One of the major reasons HGH is criticized for potentially promoting cancer in adults is that it increases IGF-1. Elevated IGF-1 is often associated with those with cancer. It's an insulin like growth factor, so for a tumor, it is simply assumed its going to feed growth.To some extent, we agree. In an overfed, processed-food rich lifestyle, with poor glucose regulation, we think it is a reasonable fear people should have. But with that said, if you follow the recent works of researchers into aging and longevity like Dr. David Sinclair and Dr. Valter Longo, you learn that we need to be attentive to the AMPK/mTOR pathway.If you go to our Metfomin Blog page, you can learn a little about this pathway as well as how metformin is being studied as an anti-aging drug because of its ability to regulate this pathway for those eating and living the standard American lifestyle.Our goal is to help you understand as best you can what modern science is saying about this and its role in cancer. We are no longer living in the 1990s and this information is much better understood than ever before.With that said, we recognize there is much more research required to draw any conclusions. What we can say is that cancer is a big problem in the world, especially the United States. Those who are in better shape, have a better body composition, and have excellent blood markers are less likely to get cancer. Our role as a medical treatment center is to help you achieve this goal. We want to see your risk factors for all these age-related metabolic diseases decline.
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Anti-Aging and Wellness is your trusted source for medical tourism. We concentrate on medically supervised wellness. Our focus is on optimizing cellular metabolism with lifestyle, BHRT, and cellular-based therapies.